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Psychologist

   
Psychologists study the human mind and human behavior in an effort to provide diagnosis and/or therapy for patients suffering form mental, emotional, or behavioral problems. Once a problem is identified, they determine the best treatment and monitor the patient's progress. Psychologists collect data through a variety of methods including interviews, medical and case histories, and other observational techniques. They often select, administer, and interpret psychological tests that help precisely identify mental health problems. They also consult with parents, teachers, counselors, and others that may have insight into a patient's mental health history. Another important function that psychologists perform is research. They develop and evaluate mental health programs, and then publish their findings in professional and trade journals. The American Psychological Association recognizes nearly 50 specialties in this field; among them are clinical, educational, developmental, cognitive, counseling, industrial-organizational, social, exercise and sports, personality, experimental, psychoanalysis, and neuropsychology. An individual interested in psychology should be emotionally stable and have excellent oral and written communication skills.


Work Environment:

Psychologists work in a variety of settings including hospitals, schools and universities, correctional facilities, government agencies, rehabilitation facilities, clinics, private offices, industries, community mental health facilities, and businesses. They may work alone or in conjunction with other psychologists, psychiatrists, or other medical professionals.

High School Preparation:

Students interested in becoming a psychologist should concentrate on high school courses in biology, chemistry, algebra, English (literature and composition), history, psychology, sociology, computer skills, social studies, health occupations/medical professions education, and foreign languages.


College Requirements:

Psychologists are generally required to obtain a Ph.D., a Psy.D. (Doctor of Psychology), or an Ed.S. (Educational Specialist) degree in order to practice psychology. A doctoral degree will qualify an individual to conduct research, conduct clinical counseling, and teach a variety of topics in schools and universities. In order to specialize, two years of post-doctoral study is required. Individuals with a master's degree or a bachelor's degree can work under the supervision of a psychologist as a psychological assistant. This allows them to conduct research, perform administrative duties, and conduct psychological evaluations. Students interested in psychology should contact schools for information on admission and course of study.

For educational institutions in Mississippi
offering this course of study click here.

Career Outlook:

Employment opportunities for psychologists are expected to grow between 10%-20% through the year 2010. People holding doctoral degrees with emphasis in areas such as counseling, health, and educational psychology will find many job opportunities. Graduates with a master's degree will find the best possibility for employment in positions involving school and industrial-organizational psychology. This is due to the fact that schools and businesses are expected to increase counseling and mental health services. Many companies are beginning to offer employee assistance programs that help employees deal with personal problems. The fastest growth in the healthcare sector will be in outpatient mental health and substance abuse treatment programs.
 
 

   

Salary:


Average Annual Salary
$63,500


Salary Range
$43,900-$78,900*
*varies greatly with education and experience
 

 

Professional Organizations:

American Psychological Association
750 First Street NE
Washington, DC 20002-4242
Phone: (202) 336-5500
Phone: (800) 374-2721
Web: www.apa.org


National Institute of Mental Health
6001 Executive Boulevard, Room 8235
Bethesda, MD
20892-9669
Phone: (301) 443-3675
 www.nimh.nih.gov


Mississippi Psychological Association
PO Box 1120
Jackson, MS
39215-1120
Phone: (601) 353-1672
 www.mpassoc.org


 

 

 

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